Download Alcoholism: A Review of its Characteristics, Etiology, by Irving Maltzman PDF

By Irving Maltzman

Alcoholism: A overview of Its features, Etiology, Treatment,and Controversies offers a correct photograph of the present kingdom of analysis and remedy effectiveness within the box of alcoholism. utilizing compelling facts, Irving Maltzman describes how the sector has been distorted by way of the habit treatment procedure.
A special experimental psychologist on the collage of California, l. a., Professor Maltzman has written a finished, vital paintings marked via incisive argument. Alcoholism is a wonderful reference for teachers in addition to pros operating in addictions treatment.

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Additional info for Alcoholism: A Review of its Characteristics, Etiology, Treatments, and Controversies

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2 WHERE DOES BEHAVIORISM STAND Introduction To adequately grasp the nature of the proposition that alcoholism is a disease entity we must put to rest misconceptions burdening many behavior therapists. We must consider what behaviorism is, not what behavior therapists in the alcohol studies field mistakenly say it is. We have to step back and briefly consider the history and philosophy of psychology, what behaviorism is -- and is not -- to adequately comprehend how many behavior therapists have misled themselves and others.

What does the term "expectancy" refer to in Marlatt's passage? It is not behavior. It is purportedly inferred from behavior, the very behavior it is supposed to explain. In the absence of a network of established laws and an independent measure, independent of the very behavior it is designed to explain, "expectancy" is circular. It is folk psychology where the meaning and explanatory value of the term are assumed to be self-evident. The difference between a behaviorist and a cognitive folk psychologist labelling themselves a behaviorial psychologist, is that the former if it is their want to use the term "expectancy", would define it by referring to a particular kind of behavior or its proximate physiology and the conditions under which it occurs.

The approach focuses on the observable characteristics of behavior, rather than, for example, on theory confirmation or the search for historical antecedents or unconscious determinants of behavior. Such variables are the amount, frequency and duration of drinking; the problems associated with excessive use; and situational 36 and environmental factors in abusive drinking ... Especially important are an individual's processes associated with drinking: expectations about the effect of drinking; expectations of its effects on behavior (it makes me more powerful, it makes me sexy, it makes me better).

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